Let them eat cake: love how idioms originate

French revolution, civic unrest, Marie Antoinette


Multi-layer cake with icing
Let them eat cake!

At a gender equality webinar last week, one of the speakers who was trying to break through the gender disparity in our society, used the phrase “bread and circuses” quite a lot.  I’m not sure if her idiom usage was correct, but there it was.

As the phrase was new to me, I had to look it up. In my research I found that this was first used by the Romans in 133 BCE to suggest that civil servants were distracted from their work if you fed and entertained them. 

The idiom has grown to describe situations outside of the civic zone and it applies almost anywhere.

Gender equality

I think what the speaker was trying to get at was that whatever had been done in terms of gender equality was an unsatisfactory appeasement. “Just bread and circuses” she would quip after every statement around government efforts towards addressing gender imbalances, and particularly in the entertainment sector.

Throughout history it seems that feeding the poor was seen as a measure to quieten the hungry masses.

Centuries after the Romans, Marie Antoinette performed an appetising upgrade when she brushed off mobs of peasants with “Let them eat cake” – the same sentiment applies.

“Qu’ils mangent de la brioche,” (Let them eat cake) she burst out in her mother tongue.

History.com says, “With that callous remark, the queen became a hated symbol of the decadent monarchy and fuelled the revolution that would cause her to (literally) lose her head several years later.”

Another language delicacy in the same vein, includes la croute de pate (crust of the pate).

When you dwell on it for a bit, it seems almost as if saying to someone, ‘here’s a sandwich now move along’ will get them out of your way long enough to come up with a more sustainable solution.

Distract to resolve

But let’s not forget – the ‘and circuses’ portion of the phrase. It was important that the civilians were entertained or adequately distracted from their duties upon a full belly.

Now it all makes sense and I only have one question: Who was more insensitive Marie Antoinette or the authoritarians of ancient Rome? Put another way, what would you rather eat, bread or cake?

For more from Safreans, click here


To visit my website go to this page

More here 


The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Safrea or its members.


3 Responses

  1. I love idioms, Iza. They can be used and abused and mangled for both good emotional effects, and to create laughter. There is a Gary Larson cartoon – The Far Side, where Marie Antoinette is at the guillotine protesting “… and ice-cream. I said let them eat bread and ice-cream” On that day she was the circus.

  2. I think “bread and circuses” is a very appropriate idiom in our current time and certainly not insensitive in the current milieu. Is this not what is happening with the current civil servants – fed with “bread” (edible or bankable) and totally distracted from doing any real work.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *